Course Syllabus

Fall 21 Forensic Psychology

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Crime Scene Tape

Semester & Location:

Fall 2021 - DIS Stockholm

Type & Credits:

Core Course - 3 credits

Core Course Study Tours:

Gothenburg, Edinburgh

Major Disciplines:

Psychology, Criminology/Criminal justice, Sociology

Prerequisite:

One psychology course at university level.

Faculty Members:

Meiling Liu, Ph.D.  meiling.liu@disstockholm.se

Program Director:

Helle Rytkønen- hry@dis.dk 

Academic Support: 

academics@disstockholm.se 

Time & Place:

Days: Mondays & Thursdays 

Time: 14.50-16.10

Room #:1D 409

COVID-19 Statement

We all have a collective responsibility to avoid the spread of COVID-19 at DIS. Throughout this semester, please monitor yourself carefully for symptoms of COVID-19 (dry cough, high temperature, breathing difficulties, sore throat, headache, muscle pain, loss of smell/taste). If you experience any of these symptoms, please stay home and contact the DIS emergency phone. The respondent will coordinate with Academics at DIS Stockholm, who will in turn contact your individual faculty. If you are otherwise well but isolating due to possible exposure or mild symptoms, it is your responsibility to keep up with your coursework - we will organize hybrid classes for you to join via Zoom. If you are unwell due to COVID-19 and unable to attend class or study, your absence will be excused. Your faculty will work with you to ensure you are able to make up missed course content due to illness. You are still responsible for completing any missed work. 

Description of Course

Prerequisite: A course in psychology at the university level.

What makes people commit crime? Are there gender differences? What is the role of memory? How are assessments and interventions conducted with those convicted of a serious crime, or those who have been the victim of a crime?  Forensic psychology will be explored from individual to societal levels, with critical analysis of and examples from a European perspective.

This course will provide a detailed overview of current research issues and theories in forensic psychology. The goal of this course is to introduce you to some representative areas of forensic psychology and to teach you how psychology research contributes to the legal system. You will be introduced to the methods used by forensic psychologists to prevent crimes by exploring a number of studies devoted to topics related to forensic psychology.

This course will give you a sense of what forensic psychologists have discovered, how they have made these discoveries, and how it contributes to the legal system.

You will be introduced to and acquire knowledge about the following topics related to the study of forensic psychology:

  • The comparison of legal system: USA vs. Nordic countries
  • Victimology
  • Eyewitness
  • Deception detection
  • False confessions
  • Interrogative techniques
  • Juries and decision making

Learning Objectives

  • Contrast the Nordic countries’ legal system with the American one.
  • Describe the psychological theories of crime, and explain criminal activities.
  • Identify the elements involved in false confessions and distinguish those issues from a Nordic perspective.
  • Evaluate the psychological evidence regarding eyewitness memory and the methods involved in interviewing techniques.
  • Explain the psychological aspects of legal proceedings such as jury decision making.
  • Define the causes and different processes involved in false confession
  • Describe psychological principles involved in deception detection.
  • Explain the focus shift of victimology, and care shift for victims.
  • Develop knowledge of the field of treatment for offenders and victims.

Faculty

Meiling Liu

Ph.D. in Forensic Psychology (China University of Political Science and Law, 2010). Post Doctorate in Forensic Psychology (Gothenburg University, 2012). She has worked as an organizational consultant in areas of leadership and cross-cultural competence training in Sweden. Previously, Liu worked as a teacher and researcher at universities in China, and was promoted to the position of associate professor in China. She has been with DIS since 2016.

Readings

1. Required Textbook (Available in DIS Library):

Howitt, D. (2015). Introduction to Forensic and Criminal Psychology (5th) Harlow, England: Pearson Education.

2. Required Articles and Other Media on Canvas:

Ask, K., & Granhag, P. A. (2010). Perception of lineup suggestiveness: Effects of identification outcome knowledge. Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling, 7, 213-229.

Bond, C. F., Jr., Levine, T.R., & Hartwig, M. (2015). New findings in nonverbal lie detection. In P.A. Granhag, A. Vrij, & B. Vershuere (Eds.), Deception detection: Current Challenges and Cognitive Approaches (pp. 37-58). Chichester: Wiley.

Boppre, B., & Miller, M. K. (2014). How victim and execution impact statements affect mock jurors’ perceptions, emotions, and verdicts. Victims & Offenders, 9(4), 413-435. 

Castillo, P. A., Mallard, D. (2012). Preventing cross-cultural bias in deception judgments: the role of expectancies about nonverbal behavior. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 43 (6), 967-978.

Chrobak, Q. M., & Zaragoza, M. S. (2011).  When forced fabrications become truth: causal explanations and false memory development. Jouranl of Experimental Psychology, 142, 827-844. 

Daéid, N. N. (1997). Differences in offender profiling in the United States of America and the United Kingdom. Forensic Science International, 90, 25-31. 

Estrada, F., Pettersson., & Shannon, D. (2012). Crime and criminology in Sweden, European Journal of Criminology, 9(6), 668-688. 

Fox, B. H., & Farrington, D.P. (2012). Creating burglary profiles using latent class analysis: A newapproach to offender profiling. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 39 (12), 1582-1611.

Granhag, P. A. (Ed) (2010).  Forensic Psychology in Context: Nordic and International Approaches. London: Routledge. Chapter 2, pp14-32. 

Granhag, P. A, Rangmar, J., & Strömwall, L. A. (2015). Small cells of suspects: eliciting cues to deception by strategic interviewing. Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling, 12, 127-141.

Grønnerød, C., Grøndahl, P., & Stridbeck, U. (2016) Forensic psychiatric experts under the legal microscope. Legal and Criminological Psychology, Vol. 21, 15–24.

Jakobsson, A., von Borgstede, C., Krantz, G., Spak, F. & Hensing G. (2012). Possibilities and hindrances for prevention of intimate partner violence: Perceptions among professionals and decision makers in a Swedish medium-sized town. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 20, 337-343.

Kassin, S. M., Drizin, S. A., Grisso, T., Gudjonsson, G. H., Leo, R.A., & Redlich, A.D. (2010). Police-induced confessions: risk factors and recommendations. Law and Human Behavior, 34 (1), 3-38.

Kendler, K. S., Larsson Lönn, S., Morris, N. A., Sundquist, J., Långström, N., & Sundquist, K. (2014). A Swedish national adoption study of criminality, Psychological Medicine, 44, 1913-1925.

Khoshnood, A., & Väfors-Fritz, M.  (2017). Offender Characteristics: A Study of 23 Violent Offenders in Sweden, Deviant Behavior, 38 (2), 141-153, DOI: 10.1080/01639625.2016.1196957 

Landström, S., Strömwall, L. A., & Alfredsson, H. (2016). Blame attributions in sexual crimes: Effects of belief in a just world and victim behavior, Nordic Psychology, 68 (1), 2-11.

Loftus, E. (1993). The reality of repressed memories. American Psychologist, 48, 518-537. 

Magnussen, S., Wise, R. A., Raja, A. Q., Safer, M. A., Pawlenko, N., & Stridbeck, U. (2008).  What judges know about eyewitness testimony: A comparison of Norwegian and US judges. Psychology, Crime & Law, 14(3), 177-188.

Mann, S., Vrij, A., & Bull, R. (2004). Detecting true lies: Police officers' ability to detect suspects' lies. Journal of Applied Psychology, 89, 137-149.

Narchet, F. M., Meissner, C. A., & Russano, M. B. (2011). Modeling the influence of investigator bias on the elicitation of true and false confessions. Law Human behavior, 35, 452-465.

Santtila, P., Pakkanen, T., Zappalà, A., Bosco, D., Valkama, M., & Mokros, A. (2008). Behavioural crime linking in serial homicide. Psychology, Crime and Law, 14 (3), 245-265. 

Scott, A. J., Nixon, K., & Sheridan, L. (2013). The Influence of Prior Relationship on Perceptions of Stalking: A Comparison of Laypersons, Nonspecialist Police Officers, and Specialist Police Officers. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 40 (12), 1434-1448. 

Sea, J., Kim, K., & Youngs, D. (2016). Behavioural profiles and offender characteristics across 111 Korean sexual assaults. Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling, 13 (1), 3-21.

Sheridan, L., Scott, A. J., & North, A. C. (2014). Stalking and age. Journal of Threat Assessment and Management, 1 (4), 262-273. 

Taylor, P. J., Larner, S., Conchie, S. M., & van Der Zee, S. (2015). Cross-cultural deception detection. In P. A. Granhag, A. Vrij, & B. Vershuere (Eds.), Deception detection: Current Challenges and Cognitive Approaches (pp. 175-202). Chichester: Wiley.

Thorley, C., Dewhurst, S. A., Abel J. W., & Knott M. L. (2016). Eyewitness memory: The impact of a negative mood during encoding and/or retrieval upon recall of a non-emotive event, Memory, 24 (6), 838-852. 

Vredeveldt, A., Hildebrandt, A., & van Koppen, P. J. (2016). Acknowledge, repeat, rephrase, elaborate: Witnesses can help each other remember more, Memory, 24(5), 669-682.  

Woodhams, J., Hollin, C.R., & Bull, R. (2007). The psychology of linking crimes: A review of the evidence. Legal and Criminological Psychology, 12, 233–249.

Field Studies 

1.  Visiting Mansjouren in Stockholm

DescriptionThere will be a presentation by Tero, an employee of Mansjouren, a short tour of the facility, and followed by asking questions and discussions. 

Objectives:You will be exploring a non-political and non-religious organisation that provides support and protection to men in crisis. By visiting the organization, you will be able to deepen your class learning in areas of victim service. 

2. Visiting Fryshuset

Fryshuset: Fryshuset is often referred to as the largest youth center in the world – but it is actually much more than that. Above all it is a vision based on the conviction that encouragement, confidence, responsibility and understanding are necessary in order to enable young people to develop their innate abilities and find their way into society.

Fryshuset is providing opportunities for young people mix with grown-ups to participate, contribute and learn by means of all kinds of creative and constructive activities. Fryshuset is a meeting place where people share and develop passionate interests, social commitments, sports, entertainment, culture and innovative educational programs.

Objective: You will be visiting Fryshuset to explore the effectiveness of different social projects that are aiming to help youth with violent histories to find their way into society.

Note: The filed studies are subject to change due to pandemic. 

Core Course week/Short Tour: Gothenburg

A closer view of forensic psychology research and practice in Sweden

Purpose: This study tour provides you with the opportunity to explore the field of Forensic psychology and various practices in Sweden. Academic visits on tour will include meeting with forensic psychology researchers and practitioners and visiting various institutions working in the field of forensic psychology.

In addition to the academic activities on study tour, the study tour program is supplemented with cultural visits and events. In the past, cultural visits have included touring castles, museum visits, and experiencing traditional Swedish food at local restaurants.

Timing: Short Study Tour September 13th-15th

Academic visits: (TBA)

  • Meet with one of the European leading research groups: The Research Unit for Criminal, Legal and Investigative Psychology (CLIP)
  • Visit the Swedish criminal probation service: Halvvägshuset
  • Visit Police station Gothenburg

Assignment: Group presentation (see Assignments)

Long Study tour: Scotland

Crime prevention and offender intervention in Scotland: find out what works

Purpose: On the tour to Scotland, you will be able to explore the field of forensic psychology by meeting with researchers, psychologists, social workers and people representing the justice system as well as organizations working in the field. You will have a profound understanding of the Scottish politics and policy take effect on the criminal justice system, as well as on the crime prevention and offenders intervention in Scotland. The tour will also allow you to explore the culture of the county more thoroughly by attending performances and visiting museum exhibitions.

Timing: October 31st – November 5th

Academic visits: TBA

  • Visit the juvenile delinquency educational and treatment service: Kibble Education and Care Centre
  • Visit a Scotland-wide voluntary organization that works with a broad range of people, including those harmed by crime and those responsible for that harm, and provides services that contribute to positive transformational changes in the lives of our service users: Sacro
  • Visit the organization that provides advice to Ministers and local government leaders to strengthen how public services, third sector and other partners work together to prevent and reduce further offending: Community Justice Scotland
  • Visit the Domestic Abuse Against Women prevention organization: Shakti Women’s Aid Edinburgh
  • Visit Edinburgh police station

Assignment: Study tour reflection paper (see Assignments)

Guest Lecturers

Dr. Malin Pauli is a licensed Psychologist, and Board Certified Specialist in Clinical Psychology/Neuropsychology.

Robert Örell is an independent expert and consultant, co-chair of the European Commission's Radicalisation Awareness Network's (RAN) Rehabilitation Working Group, former director of Exit Sweden and former program director at Exit USA. 

The lecture will be introducing the program of Exit from violent extremism, more specifically, on theoretical and practical aspects of the disengagement from violent extremism. Exit support individuals to disengage from violent right-wing extremist groups in Sweden. The approach focuses on reintegration, leaving violent behaviours and mindset, and building a new social identity. To leave violent extremism can be a complicated process and involves a substantial internal change. Exit´s support consists of a multi-agency cooperation with different actors such as law enforcement for protection and safety, social services, and housing.

Approach to Teaching

I strive to create an interactive learning environment, in which you are expected to play an active and participatory role and being involved in discussion, asking questions and by completing tasks/assignments. You will be the center of the learning process, which means that you are not expected be a passive recipient of knowledge, but an explorer of theories and research findings. The goal is for you to develop your knowledge of the field of forensic psychology in its’ applied and research questions and problems.

My role as teacher is to help you strengthen the collective experience of the classroom in a shared learning experience.  The goal is to stimulate you to think, to help you explore and be productive, and to familiarize you with cutting-edge research. A variety of teaching methods will be used, including lectures, case studies, class discussions, group presentations, interactive classroom activities and multi-media to facilitate the understanding of theory, research and their cultural implications.

Collaboration is highly valued in this course, and you are expected to work both individually and in groups. Respect for other’s opinions and experience is a necessary requirement for this class.

Expectations of the Students

The success of this course is hinged on not only my ability to communicate ideas and concepts, but our ability to create an environment conducive to learning. You are expected to treat each other with respect, and be tolerant to different opinions. Any kind of biases and prejudices are not acceptable in the class.

In class we will use a case-lecture-discussion format and failure to adequately prepare for class will prevent effective participation. I expect you to have done the reading for each class and to come with notes and questions for me and for the other students. This will give us material to generate conversation.

Please note the following rules:

  1. Hand in assignments on time.
  2. Complete all readings prior to class.
  3. This course will rely heavily on the Canvas system, and you will be responsible for checking updated information on Canvas.
  4. Be punctual and attend all classes; missing classes without a legitimate excuse will result in a lower final grade.
  5. Cell Phones, Laptop, and Related technology: Please bring a notebook and pen to class for taking notes, and only use laptops when instructed for specific activities. Please switch your cell phone off and resist the urge to text.

Evaluation

A number of diverse tasks will be given throughout the semester to address learning objectives. Emphasis will be on engaged participation, and may include individual and/or group based written/oral tasks. Projects may be given that will explore topics experientially.

To be eligible for a passing grade in this class you must complete all of the assigned work.

Grading

Methods of Evaluation

How is it evaluated?

(Individual or group)

Due Date

Percent

Engaged Participation

As indicated by class attendance, speaking up/asking questions/giving feedback in class, one in-class presentation of class reading
 Individual  Ongoing

20%

Group Presentation Based On Core Course Week

 Group 

Sept. 27th

15%

False Confession Analytical Paper

 Individual

Oct. 20th 

20%

Final Video Project

 Group  Nov. 13th 20%

Long Study Tour Reflection Paper

 Individual Dec. 1st 25%

Total

 

100%

Engaged Participation (20%):

Participation in class requires arriving on time and being prepared in relation to readings and other assignments and one class-reading presentation. Your participation grade reflects the importance of being active in this course, which relies in great part on the reflections, discussions, and exercises in class. Active participation is essential in both the classroom, on study tours, and in group work. Attendance is mandatory. Furthermore, you will complete an introduction assignment on the first of class and closing assignment on the last day of class.

Group Presentation Based On Core Course Week (15%)

You are expected to complete a 20-minute group presentation with your group members on Monday,  September 27th. You will be required to survey a topic that is related to academic visits during the core course week, summarize your key findings from your survey, evaluate problems and suggest solutions by referring them to theories/research that you have learned in the class. Further detailed guideline will be provided in class.

False Confession Analytical Paper (20%)

Your will choose your “favorite” false confession case, analyze reasons why false confession occurred in this specific case, and propose solutions for preventing false confessions. A 5-6 page paper on this topic will be due on October 20th .Analyses and solutions should be evidence-based. More information on the paper will be handed out in class.

Final Video Project (20%)

This is a group project, consisting of you and two fellow students who will collaborate on the creation of a 10-minute video production due on November 13th.You will choose a topic and apply one case from the real world in relation to it or an act of crime case from criminal TV shows or movies, apply research to prove that it was, in fact, a wrongdoing and communicate accurate knowledge to your audience.

The video should consist of the following sections. Section one: 2-3 minutes, an actual criminal case addressing misconduct occurred at any stage of the criminal justice process. Section two: 5-7 minutes, analyses of the misconduct supported by conclusions based on cited sources or research findings. Section three: 2 minutes, a summary of takeaways from your video. The video should consist of a list of 4 peer-reviewed articles you cited.

There are different video formats you can choose from: traditional presentation, animated presentation, Powerpoint presentation etc.

Long Study Tour Reflection Paper (25%)

A thoughtful reflection incorporating two objectives below to the focus of the long study tour in Scotland. A 5-6 page reflection paper on this topic will be due on December 1st. More information will be hand out in class.

Stated objectives

1. Theories in explaining why people commit crimes

2. Approaches to crime prevention

3. Evaluate the effectiveness of the approach 

Detailed assignment descriptions and/or rubrics will be made available on Assignments on Canvas and/or in class. 

Academic Regulations  

Please make sure to read the Academic Regulations on the DIS website. There you will find regulations on: 

 DIS - Study Abroad in Scandinavia - www.DISabroad.org

Policy on late papers

There will be a grade deduction for late submission. See rubrics.

Use of laptops or phones in class

Laptops/Tablets/iPads are not allowed to be open in the classroom unless agreed upon for specified tasks such as article reading and/or for discussion purposes and/or note-taking. Cellular phones must be switched off during class.

______

Kristina Blixt is working at Basta, an enterprise helping people away from drugs and criminality through qualified work, housing and a meaningful spare time. With itsphilosophy that regaining self-esteem is the base for a sustainable and permanent drug free life and the tool for a successful drug rehabilitation is work, Basta is owned and run by the client group themselves, meaning that about 95% of those working at Basta have experienced long/term drug abuse. It is a path to self-help. Through selling high quality products and services on the open market, and by running a successful company, people not only learn important communication skills and gain work experience, they also regain their self-esteem.

Today, more than 130 people are involved in Basta’s daily activities, andan extensive European network has been built and Basta has a long experience of running European Projects.

Course Summary:

Date Details Due